Manual sewing machines provide more control over stitch designs and stitch length than their automatic counterparts, with dials offering access to more control of stitches and designs. On automatic machines, however, all stitches are already set.embroidery machines that connect to computer
Threaded machines can work on virtually all fabric, and threading them is easy; however, these can feel stiff and cumbersome to use and lack some of the features offered by computerized machines.
Needle and Thread
The needle is the focal point of sewing machines’ thread, making first contact between fabric and thread. There are a variety of needle types to choose from depending on fabric type and thread size; heavier fabrics like denim may require thicker needles with larger eyes to accommodate for thicker thread.
Sizing your needle may seem confusing at first, but the general method consists of two groups of numbers separated by an “X” or slash signifying needle gauge and thread weight respectively.
Before beginning threading, turn off your machine by pressing the needle up button (typically located on the right-side hand wheel or small button) so no one accidentally turns back on while you work delicate thread and needle! Additionally, ensure that the bobbin has already been filled.
On a manual sewing machine, the use of a bobbin is essential in creating stitches. It sits beneath the needle and presser foot in an oval metal plate known as the throat plate (also referred to as needle plate).
A bobbin distributes thread tension evenly for precise stitches, so you must use one specially-made for your machine, fill it with appropriate type of thread, and cut its tail afterwards.
At most sewing supply stores, empty or pre-wound bobbins can be purchased empty or pre-wound; some come labeled with their size while others are numbered. Your machine manual should identify which bobbins are compatible with your machine; use only those recommended in it for optimal results. When selecting new bobbins for long arm quilting machines and some embroidery machines. Larger bobbins may also be required when working with heavier threads.
Before threading begins, unplug your machine. Doing otherwise may endanger you if an accident happens when threading; additionally, this could result in damage to either needle or bobbin threading systems as well as possible injuries caused by accidentally stepping on pedal during threading process.
Install your thread onto the spool pin at the top of your machine – this may be vertical (head up) or horizontal (side-to-side). Some machines offer a spool cap; if that is your case, make sure its flat side faces towards your thread spool pin.
Next, pull the thread between the tension discs. There may be arrows on your machine showing exactly where to place the thread.
Once your thread has passed through the first thread guide, gently lower it into the second one; there should be an opening on either the left or right side where you can slot your thread in.
The power switch and foot pedal allow you to customize how quickly the machine sews; pushing harder on the pedal causes faster sewing while pressing lightly slows it down.
Presser feet are metal parts which the needle passes under to sew, with an accompanying lever on either side for you to lower and raise as necessary for sewing on fabric or moving onto another section.
Most sewing machines use straight stitches, though some can also provide zigzag stitches to protect edges against fraying. Consult the manual to understand which stitches your machine can offer and how best to set it for maximum functionality.
If you don’t already own one, searching online can provide valuable instructions for setting up and using your sewing machine, as well as tips and tricks. In fact, having it handy as you begin using it could prove to be invaluable!