WordPress is one of the most popular content management systems (CMS) in the world, and hosting it on the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) can provide you with a scalable and reliable infrastructure for your website. In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of how to host WordPress on Google Cloud Platform?
Before you begin, make sure you have the following:
- Google Cloud Platform Account: You need an active GCP account. If you don’t have one, sign up at Google Cloud.
- Domain Name: Purchase and configure a domain name. You can use Google Domains or any other domain registrar.
- SSH Client: You should have an SSH client installed on your local machine, such as PuTTY for Windows or Terminal for macOS and Linux.
- Basic Command Line Knowledge: Familiarity with basic command-line operations will be helpful.
Step 1: Set Up a Virtual Machine
- Log in to Google Cloud Console: Go to the Google Cloud Console, and sign in with your GCP account.
- Create a New Project: If you don’t have a project already, create one by clicking on the project drop-down in the top navigation bar.
- Enable Billing: Make sure your project is associated with a billing account.
- Open Cloud Shell: Click the Cloud Shell icon in the top-right corner of the console. This provides you with a terminal right in your browser.
- Create a Virtual Machine (VM): Use the following command to create a VM instance. Replace
your-vm-namewith a unique name for your VM, and choose an appropriate region and zone.cssCopy code
gcloud compute instances create your-vm-name --image-family=ubuntu-20-04 --image-project=ubuntu-os-cloud --boot-disk-size=10GB --tags=http-server,https-server
- Connect to Your VM: Use SSH to connect to your VM by running the following command:Copy code
gcloud compute ssh your-vm-name
Step 2: Install LAMP Stack
- Update Packages: Update the package list and upgrade the installed packages:sqlCopy code
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
- Install Apache Web Server:Copy code
sudo apt install apache2
- Install MySQL Database:Copy code
sudo apt install mysql-serverDuring installation, you will be prompted to set a MySQL root password. Make sure to remember it.
- Install PHP:luaCopy code
sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql
- Configure Apache for PHP:bashCopy code
sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dir.confModify the file to have
index.phplisted first. Save and exit the text editor.
- Restart Apache:Copy code
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 3: Install and Configure WordPress
- Create a MySQL Database for WordPress:sqlCopy code
sudo mysql CREATE DATABASE wordpress; CREATE USER 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'wordpressuser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;Replace
'your_password'with a strong password.
- Download WordPress:arduinoCopy code
wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz tar -zxvf latest.tar.gz
- Move WordPress Files to Apache Directory:bashCopy code
sudo mv wordpress/* /var/www/html/
- Set Permissions:bashCopy code
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/ sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/
- Configure WordPress:cssCopy code
sudo mv /var/www/html/wp-config-sample.php /var/www/html/wp-config.php sudo nano /var/www/html/wp-config.phpUpdate the database details with the information you used when creating the MySQL database.
- Create an Uploads Directory:cssCopy code
- Complete WordPress Installation: Open your web browser and navigate to your VM’s IP address or domain name. Follow the WordPress installation steps, providing the requested information.
Step 4: Configure Domain and SSL (Optional)
- Point Domain to VM IP: In your domain registrar’s control panel, update the DNS settings to point to your VM’s external IP address.
- Install Certbot:Copy code
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
- Obtain SSL Certificate:cssCopy code
sudo certbot --apacheFollow the prompts to configure SSL for your domain.
Step 5: Secure Your VM
- Firewall Rules: Ensure that only necessary ports (HTTP, HTTPS, SSH) are open, and restrict access to your VM.
- Regular Updates: Keep your system and software up to date with regular updates.
- Backup: Implement regular backups to safeguard your data.
Congratulations! You’ve successfully hosted WordPress on Google Cloud Platform. You now have a scalable and secure environment for your website. Keep your WordPress installation, plugins, and themes updated to ensure the security and performance of your site.